What is Interstitial Lung Disease & Diagnosis of Interstitial Lung Disease – Dr Asha M.A. Mangal.

ILD stands for Interstitial Lung Disease, a group of lung disorders that affect the interstitium, which is the tissue and space surrounding the air sacs (alveoli) in the lungs. In ILD, the interstitium becomes inflamed and scarred, leading to difficulty in breathing and reduced lung function.

There are many types of ILD, and the exact cause may vary depending on the specific condition. Some common types of ILD include idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), sarcoidosis, connective tissue disease-associated ILD (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis-associated ILD), and hypersensitivity pneumonitis, among others.

Diagnosis of ILD typically involves a combination of the following steps:

It’s essential to diagnose ILD accurately because different types of ILD may require different treatments. The management of ILD often involves a multidisciplinary approach with pulmonologists, radiologists, rheumatologists (if associated with a connective tissue disease), and other specialists working together to provide comprehensive care and treatment tailored to the individual patient’s needs. If you suspect you have any respiratory issues or ILD symptoms, it’s crucial to seek medical attention promptly for proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Dr Asha M.A. Mangal 

Pulmonologist & Allergy Specialist 

MBBS MD Respiratory Medicine  

(SMS Medical College, Jaipur) 

F-56, Kalidas Marg, Opp. Bal Vishwa 

Bharti Public Sr. Sec. School, Sindhi 

Colony, Banipark, Jaipur 302016